India - south:
The Western Ghats (with Andaman Islands Endemics extension)
A 11-day small group birding tour focusing on the impressive number of regional specialities of tropical hill forests and plateau grasslands in a 350km stretch of the scenic Western Ghats.
Our tour is a thorough exploration of the Western Ghats, the range of low mountains running parallel to the west coast of the Indian peninsular, with particular emphasis on finding the species endemic or near-endemic to this global biodiversity 'hotspot' in some of India's premier birding destinations. Swathed in tropical forest and capped by unique stunted 'Shola' forests that form sky-islands amid plateau grassland, these hills are home to no less than 30 endemic or near-endemic birds. Visiting a series of sites at varying elevation along a 350km stretch of the ghats, we'll look for Black and Orange and Nilgiri Flycatchers, Nilgiri, Palani and Wynaad Laughingthrushes, Nilgiri Thrush, Nilgiri and White-bellied Blue Robins, White-bellied Treepie, Malabar Trogon and Broad-tailed Grassbird, with the prospect of night birds such as Ceylon Bay Owl and Ceylon Frogmouth. We visit in early spring, when temperatures are moderate at all elevations and when our target endemics and more widespread south Indian birds are accompanied by winter migrants. We'll also no doubt encounter a selection of interesting mammals, including the endemic Nilgiri Langur and Nilgiri Tahr.
Our pre-tour extension visits the remote Andaman and Nicobar archipelago. Home to a further 30 endemics we'll focus on the 21 available on the easily accessible island of South Andaman in coastal rainforests and mangroves of this tropical island idyll, including the imaginatively-named Andaman Crake, Andaman Teal, Andaman Cuckoo-dove and Andaman Hawk-owl.
Day 1-3: Bangalore to Mudumalai National Park
Arrivals into Bangalore international airport this morning, driving west to Mudumalai National Park in Tamil Nadu for a two-night stay. Much of Mudumalai lies in the rain shadow of the ghats, and in the dry deciduous forest and thorn scrub we will look for endemics that favour these conditions, such as Malabar Woodshrike, Grey-headed Bulbul and Malabar Lark, alongside Painted Spurfowl, Sirkeer and Blue-faced Malkohas, Indian Nuthatch, numerous babblers and woodpeckers, and the highly localised White-bellied Minivet. We will depart on the drive up into the Nilgiri Hills by mid-afternoon on day 3, for a two-night stay in the former colonial hill station of Ooty.
Day 4: Ooty
At 2268m Ooty is among the highest reaches of the ghats, home to some of the most restricted range endemics confined to these elevations. Today, we will explore remnant patches of shola, the native stunted temperate forest unique to these higher hills, for some of the most enticing endemics of the tour, including Nilgiri Blue Robin, Nilgiri Flycatcher, Nilgiri Thrush and Nilgiri Laughingthrush. Other possibilities include Rusty-tailed Flycatcher, Blue-capped Rock-thrush, Southern Hill Myna, and a chance of wintering Kashmir Flycatcher.
Day 5-6: Munnar
On day 5, a long drive south will take us into the Cardamom Hills of Kerala for a two-night stay at Munnar at 1600m. Munnar is uniquely picturesque, dominated by tea plantations but with patches of native woodland and vegetated gullies where we hope to encounter Indian Rufous Babbler, Malabar Whistling-thrush, Alpine and Blyth’s Swifts, Hill Swallow, and Painted Bush-quail. Further afield, in upland plateau grasslands and shola we will look for White-bellied Blue Robin, Palani Laughingthrush, the striking Black and Orange Flycatcher, Nilgiri Pipit, the elusive Broad-tailed Grassbird, and endemic mammals such as Nilgiri Tahr and perhaps the elusive Nilgiri Marten.
Day 7-8: Periyar National Park
We leave Munnar in the morning of day 7, travelling south to Periyar via Bodinayakanur (or Bodi for short) to look for the localised endemic Yellow-throated Bulbul in its preferred rocky scrub habitat in the rain shadow of the ghats. We will arrive at Periyar, our southernmost site, by midday to begin our exploration of this vast area of undulating terrain surrounding the Periyar reservoir. The rich forests and grasslands host a diverse avifauna which includes some of the most elusive endemics, notably Wynaad Laughingthrush,as well as some sought-after winter migrants such as Pied Thrush and an abundance of mammals including Gaur (Indian Bison), Ussuri Dhole (wild dog), Asian Elephant, various deer, Nilgiri Langur, Malabar Giant Squirrel and Travancore Flying Squirrel.
Day 9-10: Thattekad Bird Sanctuary
In the morning of day 9 we make our way to the base of the Cardamom Hills to Thattekad Bird Sanctuary for a two-night stay. The magnificent lowland rainforest of Thattekad is considered the richest bird habitat in peninsular India, comparable and with affinities to the bird-rich Eastern Himalayas. Most of the Western Ghats’ endemics not confined to the sholas and higher altitudes occur here, and among our key targets will be White-bellied Treepie, White-bellied Blue Flycatcher, Malabar Grey Hornbill, Malabar Parakeet and Small Sunbird. We also hope to encounter some of the exceptional selection of night birds found here, that includes Spot-bellied Eagle-owl, Mottled Wood-owl, Ceylon Bay Owl and Ceylon Frogmouth, as well as four species of nightjar. Other possibilities include Malabar Trogon, Great Pied and Malabar Pied Hornbills, White-bellied and Heart-spotted Woodpeckers, Blue-bearded Bee-eater, Indian Pitta, Black-throated Munia, Emerald Dove, Black Baza and Grey-headed Fish-eagle. The damp, humid forests are equally rich in butterflies, including exquisite endemics such as Malabar Banded Peacock.
Day 11: Depart Kochi
Depending on group departure plans we may have time for some final birding at Thattekad before leaving for Kochi. Departures from Kochi (Cochin) international airport this afternoon.
**OPTIONAL PRE-TOUR EXTENSION: Andaman Islands Endemics
Day 1-4 Port Blair, South Andaman
Arrivals into Port Blair airport in the morning of day 1. Port Blair will be our base for a four-night stay on South Andaman, where we can expect a good introduction to the islands’ more widespread birds, such as Dusky Warbler, Long-tailed Parakeet, White-bellied Sea-eagle, Pacific Reef-egret, a selection of waders and our first endemic, perhaps Andaman Drongo or Andaman White-headed Starling. Further afield, the dense tropical rainforest of Mount Harriet National Park hosts most if not all of island’s available endemics, including Andaman Treepie, Andaman Shama and Andaman Cuckoo-dove, and in the evenings we hope to locate Andaman Nightjar, Andaman and Hume’s Hawk-owls, and Andaman Scops-owl. We will also visit the coastal rainforest of Chiriyatapu looking for endemic Andaman Serpent Eagle, Andaman Woodpecker and the elusive Andaman Crake. Elsewhere, mangrove-lined creeks, marshes and flooded fields host Long-toed Stint, Terek and Broad-billed Sandpipers, Ruddy and Collared Kingfishers, Mangrove Whistler and Andaman Teal.
Day 5: Depart Port Blair
Departures from Port Blair airport this morning or fly to Bangalore to continue with main tour (day 1 of main tour).
22 January - 1 February 2021
with Leio De Souza
Extn - Andaman Is.: 18-22 January
28 January - 7 February 2022
with Leio De Souza
Extn - Andaman Is.: 24-28 January
Duration: 11 days (15 days with extension)
Maximum group size: 8 with 1 leader
2021: £ 1875 (Bangalore/Kochi)
2022: £ tba* (Bangalore/Kochi)
Single room supplement 2021: £ 360
Single room supplement 2022: £ tba*
Extn - Andaman Is. 2021: £1070 / srs £185
Extn - Andaman Is. 2022: £tba* / srs £tba*
Deposit: £ 500
Estimated flight costs: £ 600 (£850 with extn)
Estimated visa costs: £ 20
Best time: November to April
2020: from £ 2885 per person
2021: from £ tba per person*
[prices are per person based on 2 people travelling together; costs for other group sizes on request]
*2022 costs provisional
Tour grading: Easy to moderate.
Almost all birding will be on foot along quiet, paved roads or well-marked trails; the tour is intensive in terms of time spent in the field in warm, often humid conditions.
Accommodation: Comfortable good to medium standard hotels and wildlife lodges throughout, all with private facilities.
Key species: Black and Orange, White-bellied Blue, Nilgiri and Kashmir Flycatchers, Nilgiri, Palani and Wynaad Laughingthrushes, Indian Rufous Babbler, Indian Scimitar-babbler, Nilgiri and White-bellied Blue Robins, Nilgiri Thrush, Pied Thrush, Malabar Trogon, White-bellied Treepie, Flame-throated, Yellow-throated, Grey-headed, Yellow-browed and Square-tailed Bulbuls, Orange Minivet, Malabar Woodshrike, Malabar Starling, Lesser Hill Myna, Malabar and White-cheeked Barbets, Malabar Whistling-thrush, Malabar Grey, Malabar Pied and Great Pied Hornbills, Nilgiri Woodpigeon, Grey-fronted Green-pigeon, Malabar Parakeet, Nilgiri Flowerpecker, Small and Loten's Sunbirds, Broad-tailed Grassbird, Dark-fronted Babbler, Black-throated Munia, Malabar Lark, Nilgiri Pipit, Hill Swallow, Indian Swiftlet, Ceylon Bay Owl, Spot-bellied Eagle-owl, Ceylon Frogmouth, Bonnet Macaque, Northern Plains Grey and Nilgiri Langurs, Asian Elephant, Nilgiri Tahr, Nilgiri Marten, Malabar Giant Squirrel. Extension: Andaman Woodpecker, Andaman Bulbul, Andaman Flowerpecker, Andaman Cuckoo-dove, Andaman Cuckooshrike, Andaman Drongo, Andaman Treepie, Andaman Shama, Andaman Woodpigeon, Andaman Green-pigeon, Andaman Coucal, White-headed Starling, Andaman and Hume's Hawk-owls, Andaman and Walden's Scops-owls, Andaman Barn Owl, Andaman Nightjar, Andaman Serpent-eagle, Andaman Teal, Andaman Crake, Ruddy and Collared Kingfishers, Mangrove Whistler.
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