India - northeast:
Nagaland's Amur Falcon Migration
A 10-day, small group birdwatching tour focusing on the breathtaking spectacle of Amur Falcon migration, while also exploring key birding localities in Nagaland and neighbouring Assam state.
Our tour of Nagaland is centred around one of the most awe-inspiring natural phenomena on earth, the autumn migration of Amur Falcons and their congregation in clouds of tens to hundreds of thousands around the Doyang Reservoir where they feed up on termites before continuing their epic journey from northeast Asia to southern Africa. This is one of India's conservation successes; locals have been exemplary in abandoning the hunting practices that would see over 12,000 birds captured in vast nets each day, encouraged by an initiative that champions tourism as a financial incentive. We'll also explore some of Nagaland's key birding localities in the South Assam and Naga hill ranges, part of an interesting and seldom-visited transition zone between South Asia and Indo-China, together with a patch of evergreen forest in the lowlands of neighbouring Assam. Besides Amur Falcon, we will be looking for a selection of skulking restricted-range species such as Striped and Brown-capped Laughingthrushes, Long-tailed and Tawny-breasted Wren-babblers, Cachar Wedge-billed Babbler, Blyth's Tragopan, and a selection of primates including Western Hoolock Gibbon.
Day 1: Dimapur to Khonoma
Arrivals into Dimapur airport this morning. We set out on the slow drive east and up into rugged hills to Khonoma for a four-night stay at our simple village homestay, with the reminder of the afternoon and a further three full days to explore this southern part of Nagaland.
Day 2-4: Khonoma and surrounding areas
Khonoma is renowned for its efforts to conserve the biodiversity of the surrounding forests, with the local Angami community leading the decision to establish the Khonoma Nature Conservation and Tragopan Sanctuary, that encompasses 25 sq km between the village and nearby Dzuleke, together with a self-imposed ban in hunting in 1998. In the mid-elevation subtropical forests that flank the Dzukou River we will go in search of six near-endemics of these rainforests, Striped and Brown-capped Laughingthrushes, Marsh Babbler, Long-tailed (or Naga) and Tawny-breasted Wren-babblers, and Cachar Wedge-billed Babbler, among a typically Himalayan avifauna with key species including Mountain Bamboo Partridge, Grey Sibia, Spot-breasted Laughingthrush, Streak-breasted Scimitar-babbler, Dark-rumped Swift and the elusive Blyth’s Tragopan. Around nearby Benreu, broadleaf forests with an abundance of wild fruiting trees and shifting cultivation in various stages of regeneration host Spot-breasted and Grey-headed Parrotbills, Grey-headed Parakeet, Silver-eared Mesia, a selection of thrushes, and mixed feeding flocks comprising Flavescent Bulbul, various sunbirds, tits and yuhinas.
Day 5: Khonoma to Pangti
After a final morning around Khonoma we leave on the journey north into the Naga Hills to the village of Pangti, where we will spend three nights in a simple village homestay. We will arrive in time for our first glimpse of the spectacle, as the falcons return to their roosts around the Doyang Reservoir at dusk.
Day 6-7: Pangti and the Doyang Reservoir
A remote village in the Wokha district, Pangti received global attention in 2012 over the reported killing of thousands of Amur Falcons during their annual migration. This highlighted not only the tragedy, but also the mere presence of such incredible numbers of these birds, previously not widely known. Thanks to the coordinated efforts of local and national conservation organisations working together with local government and village councils the importance of conservation was instilled in Pangti, which declared itself a hunting-free zone, a major victory in a state still dominated by tribal communities where hunting is a traditional and fiercely-protected way of life. Today, Pangti is renowned for its ethos of community conservation, the Doyang Reservoir estimated to host up to a million falcons each year. We have two full days to enjoy the hordes of Amur Falcons as they come in to roost each evening and disperse at dawn. Walking the quiet roads of the area will take us through patches of shifting or ‘jhum’ cultivation in various stages of regeneration, and we can expect to see a selection of species such as Crested Finchbill, Blue-bearded Bee-eater, Ultramarine and Verditer Flycatchers, Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker, Buff-throated and Rufous-capped Babblers, Himalayan Buzzard and Oriental Scops-owl with the chance of finding a flock of the highly secretive restricted range Yellow-throated Laughingthrush.
Days 8-9: Pangti to Hollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary
An early start for the journey west, back down into the plains and crossing the state border as we head into neighbouring Assam, making our way to the small town of Jorhat and Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary. As a small fragment of the semi-evergreen forests once widespread where the plains of Assam merge into the Patkai Hills of Nagaland the sanctuary is an important repository of foothill species, this habitat lost elsewhere in the region to extensive tea plantations and growing villages. We have the remainder of the afternoon and following day to explore the rich forests, easily accessible on foot, and can expect to encounter a good selection of species associated with the lower elevation, key among which are Great Pied and Oriental Pied Hornbills, Greater and Lesser Necklaced Laughingthrushes, Large Niltava, Pale-chinned Flycatcher, Striped Tit-babbler, Abbott’s Babbler, Red-headed Trogon, Common Green Magpie and Green-billed Malkoha, with the chance of the elusive Blue-naped Pitta. Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary is also home to a small and isolated population of its namesake Western Hoolock Gibbon, India’s only ape, among a selection of primates which includes Stump-tailed, Northern Pig-tailed and Assamese Macaques and Capped Langur.
Day 10: Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary to Jorhat, depart
Spend a final few hours within the sanctuary focusing on any species we may have missed. Departures from Jorhat airport this afternoon (this tour may be combined with India-northeast: Mishmi Hills and the Brahmaputra Valley, driving to the start point Dibrugarh/Tinsukia this afternoon).
6 March - 21 March 2021
with Leio De Souza
6 April - 21 April 2021
with Lokesh Kumar
11 March - 26 March 2022
with Lokesh Kumar
5 April - 20 April 2022
with Leio De Souza
*May be combined with India-northeast: Mishmi Hills and the Brahmaputra
Duration: 10 days
Maximum group size: 8 with 1 leader
2021: £ 2380 (Guwahati/Guwahati)
2022: £ 2450* (Guwahati/Guwahati)
Single room supplement 2021: £ 330
Single room supplement 2022: £ 340*
Deposit: £ 500
Estimated flight costs: £ 800
Estimated visa costs: £ 35
Custom tours (November, March to May)
2021: from £ 3375 per person
2022: from £ 3450 per person*
[prices are per person based on 2 people travelling together; costs for other group sizes on request]
Information on what's included
*2022 costs provisional
Tour grading: Easy to moderate. All birding will be on foot, mostly along quiet sanctuary or village roads with one steep forest trail that you may opt out of if preferred; the tour is intensive in terms of time spent in the field.
Accommodation: Simple rooms in village homestays throughout Nagaland (shared bathroom facilities) , comfortable good to medium standard wildlife lodge with private facilities at Hoollongapar-Gibbon.
Key species: Amur Falcon, Blyth's Tragopan, Long-tailed and Tawny-breasted Wren-babblers, Striped, Brown-capped and Yellow-throated Laughingthrushes, Cachar Wedge-billed Babbler, Crested Finchbill, Red-headed Trogon, Greater and Lesser Necklaced Laughingthrushes, Grey Sibia, Assam, Stump-tailed and Pig-tailed Macaques, Western Hoolock Gibbon.
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